Friday, May 15, 2020

False Facts About False Beliefs - 1075 Words

Question 1: When something cannot be confirmed or is false, and is considered to be negative proof, this is called The Socratic Method. False beliefs can be eliminated using this particular method. The form of an argument is based on the purpose of a proposed hypothesis, then to see if the expected implications materialize. If the hypothesis does not appear to materialize, it is considered wrong. Therefore, if the hypothesis were true, the expected implications would not have followed. A quote from Socrates states: If I could only find a man wiser than myself then I might go to the god with a refutation in my hand. Socrates found that he was more knowledgeable then these men and never did he presume to be more knowledgeable than he was. He recognized that he was more knowledgeable but realized the point when he did not know something. The hypothesis would be for him to find someone more knowledgeable than himself and when this did not materialize, the hypothesis would have to be discarded. Throughout various Socratic works, this theme is re occurring. As oppose to just satisfying ones immediate desires, one must be virtuous. According to the will of the gods, life, which is well lived, prosperous and long, is not necessarily a good life. Simply he using this concept towards his prosecution manifests the Socratic Method into Plato’s dialogue, the Euthyphro. He used this concept towards ethical matters. It was first suggested throughout the Euthyphro thatShow MoreRelatedFalse Belief Tasks Of Children1693 Words   |  7 Pagesinterested in false-belief tasks in children. There is a lot of research in child psychology and development that relates to false belief tasks, but the aspect I found most interesting was how false belief tasks relate to children’s ability to lie. It was a theory that children who were unable to pass false belief tasks were unable to intend to deceive, because they lacked the understanding of false belief necessary to understand how to deceive someone. Without an understanding of false beliefs a childRead MoreCognitivism in Philosophy Essay1670 Words   |  7 PagesAfter that I will talk about some positives and negatives of non-cognitivism. Finally, I will tell you where I stand on the meta-ethics argument of cognitivism and non-cognitivism and why I agree with that theory. First thing I will go over, and break down cognitivism and non-cognitvism in meta-ethic philosophy. Cognitivism in philosophy is the meta-ethical theory that moral judgments state facts and are either true or false. Moral judgments are, or express states of beliefs. A strong cognitivistRead MorePlato s View On Epistemology1459 Words   |  6 Pagesknowledge; the knowledge of facts. It is composed of three separate conditions, truth, belief, and justification. I will begin by explaining the truth condition. This condition is generally unrefuted by epistemologists for how can we know something that is false? We can think we know something and then it turns out we don’t, but that just means we were wrong to think we knew it. For example, it is false that Anne Boleyn was the first president of the United States, and since it is false it is not the sortRead MoreThe Gettier Problem Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?1718 Words   |  7 PagesTripartite Theory of Knowledge- which s tates that Justified True Belief equaled knowledge- was fact. This means that with three conditions, one could know something. Firstly, if you believe something, secondly, if you have justification for believing, and thirdly, that your belief is in fact true. If all three of these conditions were met, then this amounted to knowledge. However, with the publication of Gettier’s paper, â€Å"Is Justified True Belief Knowledge?†, he attempted to prove, with the aid of a numberRead MoreThe Theory And The Coherence Theory Essay1316 Words   |  6 Pagescorrespondence theory and the coherence theory. Put simply, the former argues that a proposition is true if and only if it corresponds or relates to facts, while the latter claims that for a proposition to be true it must cohere with a set of beliefs (Walker, 1989). While both theories are positioned as competing ideas about how it can be determined whether or not a belief is true, the paper argues that the correspondence and coherence theories are insufficient to explain the meaning of truth. Instead, theRead MoreWhat is Absolute Truth? Essay1318 Words   |  6 Pagestrue or false. The truth can be something that appeals to a person, or that it can reason with a persons knowledge that they have already develop. The knowledge we possess can shape the way we think, so does this also change the in the truth that a person sees. Our knowledge also limits us to what we considered to be true. In our century every year we discover something new so our truth is constantly changing. One of the conflicts that also comes to mind when talking about true and false is whetherRead MoreThe Obligatory Elements For Establishing Fraudulent Misrepresentation1457 Words   |  6 Pagesan action for fraud and damages to the other party (Bob Wheelie). The sufficient evidence validates that: Mr Spokes held prior knowledge about the business claiming a false statement of fact; Mr Spokes provided the statement in order to induce Bob into entering the contract; Mr Spokes employed the use of misrepresentation knowing that such representation was false and would cause detrimental repercussions; and as a result Bob Wheelie suffered economic loss. Therefore, these findings indicate that BobRead MoreReport : A Lot Of Research 1013 Words   |  5 PagesIntro + Summary: A lot of research has been going on focusing on an infants ability to understand false beliefs. Researchers are emphasizing on an infants ability to understand mental representations. However, at the same time being critical of some of these assumptions underlying such premises is very important. Luo (2011) is one of the researchers who tried to test the idea of false beliefs in 10 month old infants. In his first experiment, Luo(2011) reported that the infants responded with increasedRead MoreThe Goal Of Any Philosopher1559 Words   |  7 Pagesthe one thing that has real meaning life. Truth is essential to understanding the world. All knowledge is based upon truth. The Idea of truth is first and for most a conviction of the mind. The mind has an inclination to view something to be true, false; we are convicted to believe one or the other. For example, if one were holding a model car that appears to be red, you can be convinced it is red; you can also be convinced it is red, dark red, pink, or even burgundy. One’s mind can perceive the carRead MoreSocrates s Argument At 30a B Of The Apology1386 Words   |  6 PagesEssay #1 In this paper I will argue that Socrates’s argument at 30a-b of the Apology that the best possible state of the soul is the most important thing in life means to eliminate false beliefs and to have virtue. Specifically, I will show why Socrates wants to eliminate false beliefs and why he insist on having virtue is important in life. Then I will demonstrate why Socrates’ argument is incorrect because he fails to identify the true catalyst that drives his happiness. I conclude Socrates’s

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Annotated Bibliography On The Body Essay - 1945 Words

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It takes me over two hours to finish an introduction. Once done with the introduction the body of the essay easy until I get to the conclusion, which is when my struggle to complete the draft returns. I believe the introduction of a draft is one of the most difficult parts for me of writing a draft because it is hard to come up with ideas for the introduction. Then the conclusion is hard because I have to find a wayRead MoreThe Overuse of Technology in Our Daily Life Essay1452 Words   |  6 Pagesa day? The answer for this question will bring a lot of negative answers, and of course if we ask this question in a survey, â€Å"NO† will be the winner of this survey. Talking about the use of technology reminded me o ne of the sources from my annotated bibliography by Amy Petersen, who is the Theatre and Media Arts Department Chair and Associate Professor in the College of Fine Arts and Communications at Brigham Young University. In her article which she wrote about the overuse of tech in our daily lifeRead MoreReflection Paper : Barbie Q By Sandra Cisneros938 Words   |  4 Pagessemester in the Advanced Composition course at Washburn University. The semester consisted of critically analyzing my selected story â€Å"Barbie-Q† by Sandra Cisneros through four assignments, the exploration paper, the reading and writing paper, the annotated bibliography, and the academic research paper. The semester began with basic lessons on general writing rules during class and progressed into a much more complex course, including lessons on expansion and development of evidence and supporting detailsRead MoreThe Current Mla Format And Guidelines1511 Words   |  7 PagesMrs. Pruitt’s Research Paper Guide Paper Requirements †¢ The length of the research paper must be no less than 1,500-words and no more than 2,500-words. The 2,500-word limit does not apply to notes or to the annotated bibliography. In-text citations are required. If your sources are not acknowledged, your paper will receive a zero and will be required to be rewritten for a lower grade because this is considered plagiarism. No more than five quotations are allowed in your paper. †¢ The researchRead MoreAnnotated Bibliography On The Effects Of Aspartame937 Words   |  4 PagesAnnotated Bibliography for the Effects of Aspartame Numerous neurological and behavioral side effects have been linked with consuming aspartame at well below the approved safe limits set by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Aspartame is an artificial sweetener that has been ingested in the United States for over three decades. Even though there are several studies showing the harmful effects of its consumption. When aspartame is digested several toxic chemicals are produced, most notabilityRead MoreShould Women Be Allowed During Combat The Us Armed Forces?1561 Words   |  7 Pagesgovernment mandate the decision on women entering the infantry. Most of the authorities on this issue and authors believe that America will take a second look at this issue of women going into combat when our mothers and daughters are sent home in body bags and in pieces. It is worst enough to see your sons come home like that but your daughters are a whole different ball game. (Schlafly, Phyllis, Opposing Viewpoints) wrote from one my sources articles saying, makes an excellent statement, â€Å"denialRead MoreShhh Essay2170 Words   |  9 Pagesand page numbers? 7. Does the essay need proofreading? Does it contain basic errors in grammar, punctuation, and/or spelling? Laura Dubek ENGLISH 1020-001 Summer Session 3 (2012) Annotated Bibliography 1: Is Food the New Tobacco? Length: 5 entries (2+ pages, typed, double-spaced with proper header, see RM 124-127) Sources: At least 4 different types: books, chapters in books, encyclopedias, pamphlets, scholarly essays, newspaperRead MoreReviewing The Topic Of Breast Cancer987 Words   |  4 Pagesthe body, or what the body goes through. By addressing the problem of awareness and education society needs on breast cancer, I will be able to give great information and detailed research to those who seek and are not knowledgeable about breast cancer. Statement of Problem â€Å"Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that can grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body (AmericanRead MoreEssay on How To Write Using the APA Writing Style1597 Words   |  7 Pageswritten material that differentiates from other writing styles because it concerns elements such as: Citations, punctuation, presentation of numbers, etc There are four major sections in an APA paper. They consist of the title page, abstract, main body, and references. The title page of an APA paper has recently been changed in the publication of the sixth edition of the APA Publication Manual. In the title page a writer should include the title of the paper, the writer’s name, and the school affiliationRead MoreInterpersonal Communications Essay1036 Words   |  5 Pagesdepending on the affiliation or relationship of the therapist. Gaining a rapport with the client is necessary for good information outcome. People communicate in many different ways, even if they do not understand it they are still conversing. The body language of individuals can tell many things. Even though, we are communicating when we are not talking, the client clues are crucial. Khan, A. (1996, Oct 22) believes that a person who have excellent interpersonal skills has an advantage. Some clients

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Financial Accounting for Business Finance Basics - myassignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about theFinancial Accounting for Business Finance Basics. Answer: While evaluating the holdings of an investment company, we would first see if the heads under which the holdings have been classified. We need to check the proportion of investments made in different type of securities (Girard, 2014). We need to analyse the risk return liquidity tax benefits etc in order to evaluate the investments of an investment company. The holdings will help us calculate the fixed income for the company. We need to evaluate the portfolio of the company and compare the risks with the return. The adjustments made in the value of investment at the yearend will help us know the profits and loss due to fluctuations. Therefore, the classification of the holdings will be relevant in understanding the financials of the investment company. As per the relevant conceptual framework, the revenues earned by the company in the ordinary course of business are to be classified as revenue from operations and the income earned from any other sources is to be classified as other income. In the current scenario we have an investment company (Ittelson, 2009). The primary activity of the company is investing in various securities and earning from them. The revenues include appreciation and income from the investments made. This income is to be classified as revenue from operations, since the primary objective of the company is to earn income from investments. Also, the principles of revenue recognition should be adopted by the company. The interest income should be recognised based on accrual concept of accounting (Lerner, 2009). The dividends received should be accounted for only when the rights to receive dividends have been established. All these incomes in different formats would be recorded under revenue from operations. The IAS 1 lays down the basic requirement of how the financial statements should be presented. They define the principles which should be followed by the enterprise in preparing the financial statements (Loughran, 2010). It is the duty of all the organisations to comply by the accounting standards in preparation of the financial statements. In case the company fails to abide by this, they must mention the fact of non compliance and the reason for the same. They should quantify the affect of such non compliance and mention them in the note to accounts. (Piper, 2015) In the given case we see that in order to abide by the corporation act, the company has failed to disclose the Impairment loss of $80000, as it is temporary. As per the standard on impairment, any impairment should be recognised and when the circumstances change the impairment loss can be reversed. Since the company has failed to report this impairment loss due to statutory regulations, it should mention such fact in the notes to accounts mentioning the loss of $80000 and that it is temporary in nature. Accounting estimates As per the relevant accounting standards whenever there is change in an accounting policy or an accounting estimate, details of such change should be mentioned in the notes to accounts (McLaney Adril, 2016). The reporting entity should mention the change, reason for such change and quantify such change in the reports. Any change in policy can be made if required by law, statute or for better presentation of financial statements. In the given scenario the directors are of the view that the profits and losses from cash flow hedges should be recognised in the profit and loss statement and should be capitalised. This would result in better presentation of the financial statements. Therefore, the directors can do so mentioning such fact in the notes to accounts. They should write a note specifying the reason and effect of such change on the profits of the company. References: Girard, S. L. (2014). Business finance basics. Pompton Plains, NJ: Career Press.Ittelson, T. (2009). Financial Statements: A Step-by-Step Guide to Understanding and Creating Financial Reports. Franklin Lakes, N.J.: Career Press.Lerner, J. J. (2009). Schaum's outline of principles of accounting. New York: Schaum.Loughran, M. (2010). Auditing For Dummies? Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley Sons.McLaney, E., Adril, D. P. (2016). Accounting and Finance: An Introduction. United Kingdom: Pearson.Piper, M. (2015). Accounting made simple. United States: CreateSpace Pub.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

Polarization In The Political System Essays - Fanaticism

Polarization in the Political System On Tuesday, November 14, 1995, in what has been perceived as the years biggest non-event, the federal government shut down all "non-essential" services due to what was, for all intents and purposes, a game of national "chicken" between the House Speaker and the President. And, at an estimated cost of 200 million dollars a day, this dubious battle of dueling egos did not come cheap (Bradsher, 1995, p.16). Why do politicians find it almost congenitally impossible to cooperate? What is it about politics and power that seem to always put them at odds with good government? Indeed, is an effective, well run government even possible given the current adversarial relationship between our two main political parties? It would seem that the exercise of power for its own sake, and a competitive situation in which one side must always oppose the other on any issue, is incompatible with the cooperation and compromise necessary for the government to function. As the United States becomes more extreme in its beliefs in general, group polarization and competition, which requires a mutual exclusivity of goal attainment, will lead to more "showdown" situations in which the goal of good government gives way to political posturing and power-mongering. In this paper I will analyze recent political behavior in terms of two factors: Group behavior with an emphasis on polarization, and competition. However, one should keep in mind that these two factors are interrelated. Group polarization tends to exacerbate inter-group competition by driving any two groups who initially disagree farther apart in their respective views. In turn, a competitive situation in which one side must lose in order for the other to win (and political situations are nearly always competitive), will codify the differences between groups - leading to further extremism by those seeking power within the group - and thus, to further group polarization. In the above example, the two main combatants, Bill Clinton and Newt Gingrich, were virtually forced to take uncompromising, disparate views because of the very nature of authority within their respective political groups. Group polarization refers to the tendency of groups to gravitate to the extreme of whatever opinion the group shares (Baron & Graziano, 1991, p.498-99). Therefore, if the extreme is seen as a desirable characteristic, individuals who exhibit extreme beliefs will gain authority through referent power. In other words, they will have characteristics that other group members admire and seek to emulate (p. 434). Unfortunately, this circle of polarization and authority can lead to a bizarre form of "one-upsmanship" in which each group member seeks to gain power and approval by being more extreme than the others. The end result is extremism in the pursuit of authority without any regard to the practicality or "reasonableness" of the beliefs in question. Since the direction of polarization is currently in opposite directions in our two party system, it is almost impossible to find a common ground between them. In addition, the competitive nature of the two party system many times eliminates even the possibility of compromise since failure usually leads to a devastating loss of power. If both victory and extremism are necessary to retain power within the group, and if, as Alfie Kohn (1986) stated in his book No Contest: The Case Against Competition, competition is "mutually exclusive goal attainment" (one side must lose in order for the other to win), then compromise and cooperation are impossible (p. 136). This is especially so if the opponents are dedicated to retaining power "at all costs." That power is an end in itself is made clear by the recent shutdown of the government. It served no logical purpose. Beyond costing a lot of money, it had no discernible effect except as a power struggle between two political heavyweights. According to David Kipnis (1976, cited in Baron & Graziano, 1991), one of the negative effects of power is, in fact, the tendency to regard it as its own end, and to ignore the possibility of disastrous results from the reckless use of power (p. 433). Therefore, it would seem that (at least in this case) government policy is created and implemented, not with regard to its effectiveness as government policy, but only with regard to its value as a tool for

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

10 Fascinating Facts About Termites

10 Fascinating Facts About Termites Termites have been munching away on wood for millions of years. From the African termites that build mounds taller than men to the subterranean species that destroy homes, these social insects are fascinating creatures to study. Learn more about these decomposers. 1. Termites Are Good for Soil Termites are actually important decomposers. They break down tough plant fibers, recycling dead and decaying trees into new soil. These hungry insects are vital to the health of our forests. As they tunnel, termites also aerate and improve the soil. It just so happens that we build our homes from termite food - wood. 2. Termites Digest Cellulose With the Help of Microorganisms in Their Guts Termites feed on plants directly or on fungus growing on decaying plant material. In either case, they must be able to digest tough plant fibers, or cellulose. The termite gut is loaded with microorganisms capable of breaking down cellulose. This symbiosis benefits both the termites and the microorganisms living within their insect hosts. The termites house the bacteria and protozoa and harvest the wood. In return, the microorganisms digest the cellulose for the termites. 3. Termites Feed on Each Others Feces Termites arent born with all that bacteria in their gut. Before they can start the hard work of eating trees, termites must obtain a supply of microorganisms for their digestive tracts. They engage in a practice known as trophallaxis, or, in less scientific terms, they eat each others poop. Termites must also resupply themselves after they molt, so trophallaxis is a big part of life in the termite mound. 4. Termites Lived 130 Million Years Ago and Have Cockroach-Like Ancestors Termites, cockroaches, and mantids all share a common ancestor in an insect that crawled the Earth about 300 million years ago. Fossil records show the earliest termite specimen dates back to the Cretaceous period. A termite also holds the record for the oldest example of mutualism between organisms. A 100-million-year old termite with a ruptured abdomen was encased in amber, along with the protozoans that lived in its gut. 5. Termite Fathers Help Raise Their Young You wont find deadbeat dads in the termite mound. Unlike in bee colonies, where males die soon after mating, the termite kings stick around. After their nuptial flight, the termite king stays with his queen, fertilizing her eggs as needed. He also shares parental duties with the queen, helping her feed their young predigested food. 6. Termite Workers and Soldiers Are Almost Always Blind In almost all termite species, both the workers and soldiers in a given colony are blind. Since these industrious individuals spend their lives in the confines of the dark, damp nest, they have no need to develop functional eyes. Reproductive termites are the only termites that require eyesight since they must fly to find mates and new nest sites. 7. Termite Soldiers Sound the Alarm Termite soldiers form the worlds tiniest heavy metal mosh pit when danger comes to the nest. To sound the alarm, soldiers bang their heads against the gallery walls to send warning vibrations throughout the colony. 8. Chemical Cues Guide Most Communication in the Termite Colony Termites use pheromones - special chemical scents- to talk to one another and control each others behavior. Termites leave scent trails to guide other workers using special glands on their chests. Each colony produces a distinct scent, identified by a chemical on their cuticles. In some species, the queen can even control the growth and role of her young by feeding them her pheromone-laden poop. 9. New Kings and Queens Can Fly New reproductive termites are winged so they can fly. These young kings and queens, called alates, leave their home colony and fly out in search of a mate, often in large swarms. Each royal pair of king and queen emerges from the swarm together and finds a new place to start a new colony. They break their wings off and settle down in their new home to raise their offspring. 10. Termites Are Well-Groomed You wouldnt think an insect that spends its time in the dirt would be so fastidious about its grooming, but termites make an effort to stay clean. Termites spend a great deal of time grooming each other. Their good hygiene is important to their survival, as it keeps parasites and harmful bacteria under control within the colony.

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Researching Communities Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3750 words

Researching Communities - Essay Example According to the 2011 Office for National Statistics, Haringey’s population was 254,900 and 14,429 of that being Northumberland’s (5.6%). The population growth locally has been due to the increase in births and net gain from international migration; for instance Italy, Spain and Poland are the top three countries where people who have registered for national insurance over the three years 2010-2012 in Haringey have come from (totalling 11,128). Northumberland ward accounts for 32.8% of young people aged below 20 living in Haringey and yet they are significantly deprived of recreational facilities. Lack of recreation and employment is, therefore, reflected in high crime levels. Crime Plus ASB breakdown for Northumberland Park by the Metropolitan Police Service has statistics for the period April 2014 to March 2015; included 553 of Violent Crime, 556 of Anti-Social Behaviour and 220 Burglaries. The research is a community-based participatory research that seeks to study the particular problems facing Northumberland Park and its residents. The findings will be helpful in finding lasting solutions to the problems facing the region. It is largely investigative and seeks to justify some of the actions that will be contemplated in the regeneration programme for Northumberland Park Ward. It takes the form of a case study, being a study of the deprivation situation of Northumberland Park, and the views of the residents on the dimension the regeneration should take. Some of the research tools employed in this study include questionnaire-based interviews. The questionnaires are more suitable for the interviews in this study because it provides a clear insight into the deprivation state of Northumberland while at the same time making the local community an integral part of the study. The findings of this study are dependent on how much information can be extracted from the local residents. Questionnaire as a research tool will engage the local community is

Friday, February 7, 2020

Cover Songs Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Cover Songs - Essay Example This song was re-imagined by the group Scissor Sisters. This essay examines this song in terms of its original compositional elements, as well as its interpretation as a cover song. Pink Floyd’s ‘Comfortably Numb’ is a highly popular song from their Wall record. The song has a number of notable compositional elements. The original version of the song is highly subdued. In this way the song’s rhythm and melody are slow paced and in a down-tempo time form. One considers that the song’s very title has much in common with its musical form, as the reference to numb could directly refer to the state of the individual listening to the song, or as an adjective describing the song itself. There is the consideration that the song’s instrumentation adds to this numbness. Rather than simply relying on guitars and drums, the song incorporates a number of synthesizers and digital components. In the context of the song this is significant as it creates a spa ce-like effect; one notes these space like elements from the very beginning at :05. It seems that the song is not simply composed in a traditional recording studio, with traditional rock and roll influences, but rather adopts futuristic and innovative concepts. These sound elements are not simply linked to the instrumentation but also extend to the vocals. While it is impossible to exactly determine, it seems that the main vocals have been digitally altered, as they take on a futuristic sonorous effect that is like traditional vocal styles. These elements then are combined with traditional rock elements, including drums and guitars. For instance the drums are highly noticeable at 1:28. Still, the implementation of this instrumentation takes on an epic and ballad like form that is unique for the rock style. Ultimately, these disparate components combine to form a highly unique and subdued composition. While Pink Floyd’s version of ‘Comfortably Numb’ is unique and subdued, the Scissor Sisters’ version is more traditional. The cover song implements an up-tempo beat. In terms of instrumentation, there is the clear and distinct use of guitar as the main means of establishing the melody and harmony. This distinct guitar sound is evident from :01. The vocals implemented in the song are created by a female vocalist. This creates a high and sharp sound that has a strong impact on song’s theme. There is an upbeat nature to the song that is carried throughout the melody and refrain. To a large extent it appears that the vocal components in the cover song assume a position of greater prominence than in the Pink Floyd version. In both songs the lyrics are the same; however the way they are articulated is very different. This difference is significant to the point that it affects the songs’ themes. For instance, the lyrics contained in the melody elements can be argued as significantly different in both songs. While the Pink Floyd ve rsion spends a considerable amount of time emphasizing the lines ‘I have become comfortably numb’ this phrase is almost a second hand thought in the cover version. Instead the song’s main hook is found in the vocal patterns leading up to this phrase. As noted, this changes the songs’ themes. The original Pink Floyd version has created an ambient or ‘numb’ theme that is directly reflected in the spacey and ballad-like vocals. This is contrasted with the theme of the Scissor Siste